They moved to using a specific pattern in one or two sentences e. The power to question, challenge, and complain becomes equally shared by both writers.
This reinforced Marina's sense that she could understand and be understood by Americans and communicate with them beyond superficial levels, which she didn't have when she arrived. Dialogue journal writing has also been used successfully with adults with extremely limited literacy skills, who, at the beginning, may know the alphabet, be able to write their name, and, with difficulty, write a few sentences in their native language Spanish but have no writing ability in English.
The writing also reduced the students' writing anxiety.
This provides an excellent summary of these contexts and guidance for working in them. See Casanave  for a summary of diverse uses of journal writing in different contexts.
Four themes emerged during the course of this project: 1 crossing boundaries — elementary school children and university students, and a university professor and elementary school teacher, worked together closely for a year; 2 becoming aware of and sensitive to the broader sociological context — the university students learned to engage with the third grade students about topics the students introduced and to become interested in the lifestyle that the students described, which was very different from their own.
I like it very much, I enjoy doing that.
Staton  also noted that students from classes in which the instructors had chosen to use dialogue journals with high frequency 2—3 times per week were twice as likely to re-enroll in English classes the following year and had lower dropout rates. Instructional strategies include establishing a culture of interactive writing by introducing the idea to students continuous writing throughout the semester or school year ; emphasizing that this is authentic communication and not for the purposes of correction or a grade; and describing the form that the interaction will take place e.