The great leap forward essay

The idea of the Great Leap Forward was the rapid growth of agricultural and industrial production. However, this doesn't change the fact that the policy was grounded in a logical theory of economic development albeit not an orthodox version of Marxian theory Mao's theoretical arguments for the Great Leap Forward were, in fact, contrary to more conventional versions of Marxian theory, particularly the Stalinist interpretation of Marxian theory and represented an unambiguous social invention an invention that was tested on a grand scale.

The outcomes of these failed experiments were catastrophic and by early it was apparent within the party that the Great Leap Forward had failed irrevocably, with the main reason being the lack of central planning by the Chinese government.

The great leap forward essay

He was critical of Khrushchev's reversal of Stalinist policies and alarmed by the uprisings that had taken place in East Germany , Poland and Hungary , and the perception that the USSR was seeking " peaceful coexistence " with the Western powers. Who knows? The enthusiasm of the cadre was such that expertise was often deemed unnecessary. To do this China would use its most unique and powerful asset: a labour force of hundreds of millions of peasants and workers. Industry could only prosper if the work force was well fed, while the agricultural workers needed industry to produce the modern tools needed for modernisation. They both apparently benefited from globalization as well. And despite the clear indication that the idea for the communes originated with Mao, the policy was implemented by the largely conservative governmental bureaucracy. Nevertheless, the so-called people's communes represented a dramatic change in the freedoms enjoyed by rural direct producers and the mechanisms by which governmental power was exercised in rural communities. Another factor highlighting the poor planning by the Chinese government, was the unrealistic pressures placed by the government on industrialization of the country, which thus led to the failure of the Great Leap Forward. Peng was replaced by Lin Biao , who began a systematic purge of Peng's supporters from the military. Instead it started out as a way to propel China into the future and modern society. Distrusting technical experts, [11] Mao and the party sought to replicate the strategies used in its s regrouping in Yan'an following the Long March : "mass mobilization, social leveling, attacks on bureaucratism, [and] disdain for material obstacles. This was a huge failure for China as the country no longer had enough food to feed its own people, causing the death of millions of people. Clearly, the main cause of the disaster was policy error, which was both horribly rushed and inconsistent. Mao was shown an example of a backyard furnace in Hefei , Anhui , in September by provincial first secretary Zeng Xisheng.

He died of Parkinsons disease on September 9, Urban industries would gain new customers and more orders from existing customers in the countryside and be in a stronger position to generate higher revenues and absorb a growing labor force. To mourn and to celebrate is to be human.

why did the great leap forward fail

The movement turned into a disaster when in the period China was struck by natural disasters. Mao had particular personal grievances to this dogmatic Soviet influence. And the Chinese leadership is actively considering several alternative models of political governance at both the local and national levels.

Therefore, it was proposed that the peasants should be brought under Party control by the establishment of agricultural collectives which would also facilitate the sharing of tools and draft animals.

Great leap forward essay pdf

Rural life was completely collectivized, including mess halls where free food was supplied. We will discuss in coming weeks many of these radical transformations in Chinese institutions, ways of thinking, and social processes. As a result of the Plenum, Peng was dismissed from his posts and replaced by Lin Biao. Only later it became clear that the quality of this mass-produced people's steel was so poor that no use could be found for it. Mao wanted to compete with America therefore he made citizens and also peasants communize. To mobilize this willpower, the Great Leap Forward, obviously, was accompanied by a concerted propaganda effort, the depth and breadth of which had hitherto not been seen. It did have moderate success, but it did more damage than good. By the end of the year approximately 25, communes had been set up, with an average of 5, households each. However, it soon became clear that the declining population of sparrows was leading to an increase in insects that fed on grain. Given that this feudal surplus would now be controlled by government functionaries, who would also have the power to alter the size of the necessary product distributed to commune workers, it would not be necessary for the absolute rural surplus to increase in order for a larger total surplus to be controlled by the government. Mao's early education was in the Confucian classics of Chinese history, literature, and philosophy, but early teachers also exposed him to the ideas of progressive Confucian reformers.

These tensions were among the underlying causes of the Cultural Revolution, a period of social unrest and political persecution launched by Mao in For example, different websites had varying statistics regarding the amount of deaths during the Great Leap Forward, often ranging from 10 million deaths between each different source.

The program was only quietly abandoned much later in that year. The theoretical underpinnings of the Great Leap Forward are similar, in many ways, to the arguments of the late E.

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The Great Leap Forward