First world war

The Morane-Saulnier L, a French plane, provided a solution: The propeller was armored with deflector wedges that prevented bullets from hitting it.

Why did the first world war happen

Austria-Hungary, dissolving from within due to growing nationalist movements among its diverse population, reached an armistice on November 4. Both on the battlefield and back at home, some incredible creatures helped to transport soldiers and goods — and save lives. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. The outbreak of war in August was generally greeted with confidence and jubilation by the peoples of Europe, among whom it inspired a wave of patriotic feeling and celebration. Germany sunk four more U. The largest battle of the World War 1 — the Battle of the Somme — is known as one of the bloodiest battles in history. There were threats from the sea, too. This date is known as Armistice Day, and is still commemorated each year when people wear paper poppies to remember those who fought and died in conflicts around the world — the pretty red flowers were the only things that grew on the bloody battlefields of Western Europe. These lines of narrow trenches stretched from the Belgian coast to Switzerland, and were known as the Western Front. Thanks for watching! Visual artists like Otto Dix of Germany and British painters Wyndham Lewis, Paul Nash and David Bomberg used their firsthand experience as soldiers in World War I to create their art, capturing the anguish of trench warfare and exploring the themes of technology, violence and landscapes decimated by war. This increased hostility was directed toward the imperial regime of Czar Nicholas II and his unpopular German-born wife, Alexandra. Thereupon, Great Britain , which had no concern with Serbia and no express obligation to fight either for Russia or for France but was expressly committed to defend Belgium, on August 4 declared war against Germany. It was fought by the French and British against the Germans on both sides of the River Somme in France, and lasted for more than five months. Large scale bombing raids on British cities were carried out during the day by German biplanes called Gothas.

The British Bristol Type 22 was another popular model used for both reconnaissance work and as a fighter plane. In Britain, you could sometimes hear what sounded like thunder coming across the English Channel from Europe.

Second world war

By July , the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: the Triple Entente —consisting of France , Russia , and Britain —and the Triple Alliance of Germany , Austria-Hungary , and Italy the Triple Alliance was only defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war until April , when it join the Allied Powers after its relations with Austria-Hungary deteriorated. Women during World War 1 Many women worked around the clock in dangerous weapons factories. Battlecruisers, ships with huge guns, launched a surprise attack on 16 December — people were killed and injured that night alone. Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby were the first seaside towns to be shelled by the German navy. In fact, the First World War lasted four terrible years, not four months. Though his most popular plane during WWI was the single-seat Fokker Eindecker, Fokker created over 40 kinds of airplanes for the Germans. Widespread protest over the sinking by U-boat of the British ocean liner Lusitania —traveling from New York to Liverpool, England with hundreds of American passengers onboard—in May helped turn the tide of American public opinion against Germany. The February Revolution in Russia replaced the Tsarist autocracy with the Provisional Government , but continuing discontent with the cost of the war led to the October Revolution , the creation of the Soviet Socialist Republic , and the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the new government in March , ending Russia's involvement in the war. First Battle of the Marne In the First Battle of the Marne , fought from September , , French and British forces confronted the invading Germany army, which had by then penetrated deep into northeastern France, within 30 miles of Paris. Mind you, in , conscription came in — a rule that said ALL healthy men aged 18 — 41 had to fight. The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end of , the Western Front settled into a battle of attrition , marked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until the Eastern Front , by contrast, was marked by much greater exchanges of territory.

The severe effects that chemical weapons such as mustard gas and phosgene had on soldiers and civilians during World War I galvanized public and military attitudes against their continued use.

By the winter ofthe opposing sides had both dug long ditches called trenches which faced each other, in some places just 30m apart!

The war and its immediate aftermath sparked numerous revolutions and uprisings.

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When the war was over and the soldiers came home, women were made to leave their new jobs and go back into the home. On July 31 Germany sent a hour ultimatum requiring Russia to halt its mobilization and an hour ultimatum requiring France to promise neutrality in the event of war between Russia and Germany.

First world war

British and French—and later, American—troops arrived in the region, and the Allies began to take back the Italian Front. Mind you, in , conscription came in — a rule that said ALL healthy men aged 18 — 41 had to fight. The largest battle of the World War 1 — the Battle of the Somme — is known as one of the bloodiest battles in history. World War I Begins Convinced that Austria-Hungary was readying for war, the Serbian government ordered the Serbian army to mobilize and appealed to Russia for assistance. What was life like in Britain during World War 1? On 4 August , Germany invaded Belgium, and so, standing by its promise to stick up for Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany. However, despite the conclusive Allied victory and the creation of the League of Nations during the Peace Conference, intended to prevent future wars , a second world war would follow just over twenty years later.

Civilian casualties caused indirectly by the war numbered close to 10 million. Though Serbia offered to submit the issue to international arbitration, Austria-Hungary promptly severed diplomatic relations and ordered partial mobilization.

world war 1 summary

What did you make of our World War 1 facts? Russia then ordered partial mobilization against Austria-Hungary, and on July 30, when Austria-Hungary was riposting conventionally with an order of mobilization on its Russian frontier, Russia ordered general mobilization. The United States initially remained neutral, though even while neutral it became an important supplier of war materiel to the Allies.

Over five million British soldiers spent time living in these muddy, miserable ditches, taking it in turns to be on the Front Line — the trench closest to the enemy.

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Women during World War 1 Many women worked around the clock in dangerous weapons factories.

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World War 1 facts for kids