Discuss the extent to which psychology

For example, Scodel postulated that orally dependent men would prefer larger breasts a positive correlationbut in fact found the opposite a negative correlation.

Falsifiability psychology

For example, Scodel postulated that orally dependent men would prefer larger breasts a positive correlation , but in fact found the opposite a negative correlation. John Watson was the founder of this insight. It could be disproved at any moment. Case studies are another form, carried out on individuals in order to glean in- depth information on rare psychological illnesses. As a result, through this perspective it would be difficult to produce any quantifiable data through the scientific method leaving it questionable as to whether or not through this perspective, psychology could be considered a science. He observed the behavior of physical objects e. Science assumes that there are laws of human behavior that apply to each person.

Predictability o We should be aiming to be able to predict future behavior from the findings of our research. He observed the behavior of physical objects e. Essay Topic: PsychologyPsycho Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website! It is a huge problem in psychology, as it involves humans studying humans, and it is very difficult to study the behavior of people in an unbiased fashion.

What makes psychology a science

You will see therefore, that there is no easy answer to the question 'is psychology a science? Humanistic psychologists rejected a rigorous scientific approach to psychology because they saw it as dehumanizing and unable to capture the richness of conscious experience. Wilheim Wundt developed the first psychology lab in The same goes for causality. This was in contrast to the existing view that knowledge could be gained solely through the powers of reason and logical argument known as rationalism. So even if there has never been a sighting of a non-white swan, we still haven't really proven our hypothesis. Results would be taken from all groups in order to statistically compare them to the original concept.

The nature of scientific inquiry may be thought of at two levels: 1. He felt that humans and their behaviour on the whole were a result of their external learning experiences and his work was continued by others such as BF Skinner.

You will see therefore, that there is no easy answer to the question 'is psychology a science? By Saul McLeodpublished Science uses an empirical approach.

However, the modern concept of psychology as a science was founded in when Wilhelm Wundt created the first experimental laboratory relating to the subject.

Slife and Williams have tried to answer these two questions: 1 We need to try at least to strive for scientific methods because we need a rigorous discipline.

There are different types of hypotheses null and alternativewhich need to be stated in a form that can be tested i.

psychology is not a science

It is not only the perspectives which influence to what extent psychology can be considered a science but also the methods which are used to research the hypotheses created.

In conclusion, it is possible to consider psychology as a science to its fullest extent if those involved in the studies are able to accept and use more than one perspective and methodology in order to complete their research. But tired of years of speculation, theory and argument, and bearing in mind Aristotle's plea for scientific investigation to support theory, psychology as a scientific discipline began to emerge in the late 's.

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Psychology as a Science