For example, Scodel postulated that orally dependent men would prefer larger breasts a positive correlationbut in fact found the opposite a negative correlation.
Predictability o We should be aiming to be able to predict future behavior from the findings of our research. He observed the behavior of physical objects e. Essay Topic: PsychologyPsycho Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website! It is a huge problem in psychology, as it involves humans studying humans, and it is very difficult to study the behavior of people in an unbiased fashion.
The nature of scientific inquiry may be thought of at two levels: 1. He felt that humans and their behaviour on the whole were a result of their external learning experiences and his work was continued by others such as BF Skinner.
You will see therefore, that there is no easy answer to the question 'is psychology a science? By Saul McLeodpublished Science uses an empirical approach.
However, the modern concept of psychology as a science was founded in when Wilhelm Wundt created the first experimental laboratory relating to the subject.
Slife and Williams have tried to answer these two questions: 1 We need to try at least to strive for scientific methods because we need a rigorous discipline.
There are different types of hypotheses null and alternativewhich need to be stated in a form that can be tested i.
It is not only the perspectives which influence to what extent psychology can be considered a science but also the methods which are used to research the hypotheses created.
In conclusion, it is possible to consider psychology as a science to its fullest extent if those involved in the studies are able to accept and use more than one perspective and methodology in order to complete their research. But tired of years of speculation, theory and argument, and bearing in mind Aristotle's plea for scientific investigation to support theory, psychology as a scientific discipline began to emerge in the late 's.